How to make edibles at home
Edibles are favored in the cannabis community for their dosing ease, long-lasting effects, and, in some cases, extra strength. Pre-made edibles can carry a hefty price tag at a dispensary, or perhaps you're looking for that just-right recipe for your dietary needs. If you have some flower and other ingredients lying around, you can make your own tasty treats in the comfort of your kitchen. Read on to learn how to make edibles at home.
Edibles are favored in the cannabis community for their dosing ease, long-lasting effects, and, in some cases, extra strength.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
How to dose cannabis edibles at home
The first thing you'll do is make some cannabis butter. Correctly dosing your homemade edibles will impact how much cannabutter you use once you start cooking. Before making infused ingredients, buy flower that is clearly labeled with its cannabinoid and terpenes. If you want a particular type of experience, ask your budtender for a strain that matches your edible goal.
After you've chosen your flower, you'll have to do a little math to dose your weed butter properly. Let's suppose you start with 10 grams of flower containing 20% THC. That would leave you with 2,000 milligrams of THC total. After decarbing the flower (2,000 x 0.9), you will have 1,800 mg of THC. Following the extraction in oil or butter (1,800 x 0.6), you will have 1,080 mg of THC in that oil, which is sufficient for 216 standard portions containing 5 mg each.
A little cannabis goes a very long way when making edibles. You can reduce the potency in a recipe by having a regular-butter-to-cannabutter ratio that skews heavily in the direction of regular butter. You can also shop for cannabis with a low percentage of THC and a higher percentage of CBD. Just make sure to adjust the math accordingly.
How to make weed edibles
Before you can start making edibles at home, you must perform an essential part of any edibles recipe: decarboxylating the weed.
Decarboxylating, or decarbing, weed is the process of using heat to convert the non-psychoactive THCA in raw cannabis into THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the feeling of being "high."
There are lots of possibilities for decarbing weed so choose what works best for you or experiment with different methods. Baking is simple but other methods include sous vide cookers, slow cookers, or simply cooking weed in a high-fat material such as butter. Just remember that a lower temp and a shorter time frame ensure better cannabinoid preservation.
Once the weed is decarboxylated, it's time to start cooking.
How to make cannabutter
Once you've decarbed the weed, it's pretty simple to make cannabis-infused butter.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Once you've decarbed the weed, it's pretty simple to make cannabis-infused butter. Weedmaps has two existing recipes for making your own cannabutter. One is an easier, streamlined approach. The other includes more detailed instructions, including all the tools you might need for canna cooking.
Your finished cannabutter will last up to two months in the fridge and six months frozen.
What are alternatives to cannabutter?
The reason butter is primarily used to infuse cannabis into edibles is that when heated, a high-fat material (such as butter) more easily extracts cannabinoids from decarboxylated plant matter. However, butter isn't the only fat in the kitchen, and many dairy-free cannabis chefs have created alternatives.
Decarboxylated kief can be added to several homemade components of other dishes, like a no-salt seasoning blend, gluten-free flour, and coconut “milk.”. Check out this list of kief-centered edibles that serve as an alternative to cannabutter.
Decarboxylated kief can be added to several homemade components of other dishes.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
You'll need a slow-cooker for this recipe, but it makes a delicious, dairy-free alternative to butter. Coconut oil may also have other health benefits, including promoting weight loss, boosting immune system function, and regulating metabolism.
What are the best homemade weed edibles?
Now that you understand how to decarb your weed and the basics of cannabis-infused ingredients, we've compiled a list of some essential cannabis recipes to make the perfect edibles.
Firecrackers are an essential stoner food, easily made in 30 minutes, and able to satisfy both your cannabis and sugar cravings. Simply decarb your cannabis, follow the instructions, and, with virtually zero cleanup, you have yourself a delicious cannabis treat.
Firecrackers are an essential stoner food, easily made in 30 minutes, and able to satisfy both your cannabis and sugar cravings.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Nothing says traditional edible like infused brownies. Mary Jane Rathburn, known forever as "Brownie Mary," invented the marijuana-infused brownie and snuck them into hospitals to provide AIDS patients in the LBGTQ community much-needed relief in the 1980s. Rathburn was arrested for making brownies, a historic bust that created a media frenzy around cannabis legalization.
Nothing says traditional edible like infused brownies. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
You, too, can be a cannabis activist in your own kitchen. Simply select your favorite traditional brownie recipe and swap the butter it calls for with an equal amount of your cannabutter. The trick here is to ensure that the butter is evenly distributed in your mix. Use a microwave or stovetop to make sure the cannabis butter melts completely before adding it to a recipe.
For a dairy-free iteration, find a recipe that uses coconut oil and utilize your infused coconut oil instead. To keep things simple, of course, you could always use store-bought brownie mix and sub out the oil called for with melted cannabutter or infused coconut oil.
Many cannabis enthusiasts love making infused cookies with their extra cannabis flower. Again, the trick is to select your favorite cookie recipe and swap regular butter with cannabis butter. Follow the instructions and bake the batch per the original cookie recipe.
The trick is to select your favorite cookie recipe and swap regular butter with cannabis butter.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Some people would rather skip the recipes and create consumable cannabis with a consistent dose. If this is you, homemade cannabis capsules allow you to convert your weed into pill form and seamlessly integrate cannabis into your daily routine. You can also add other herbs, such as turmeric, maca, or valerian, depending on your desired effects.
Homemade cannabis capsules allow you to convert your weed into pill form and seamlessly integrate cannabis into your daily routine.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Homemade cannabis capsules require a bit more math than the average edible to determine the dose of each pill. The referenced recipe will walk you through that. It works whether you're using flower or infused oil. After a few calculations and some manual pill-filling, you're ready to consume discreetly.
There's nothing like a hot cup of tea to wind down in the evening, except perhaps cannabis-infused tea. You can create a potent cup of weed tea with leftover flower stems. Or if you've already made infused oil or butter, simply add that to traditional tea and let the cannabis dissolve into the liquid.
You can create a potent cup of weed tea with leftover flower stems.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps